The 26-year-old former NAC Breda player has signed a three-year contract, Twente said on their website, and leaves the Eredivisie club after two successful seasons.
Twente club president Joop Munsterman said: "Ronnie has had the chance to develop as a footballer during the past two seasons with FC Twente.
"He has taken that opportunity with both hands. Last season he played in the championship-winning team and this week he received an invitation for a Dutch national team exhibition game.
"Ronnie indicated he wanted to move to a foreign league. Wigan were prepared to pay the required transfer fee."