James sees no institutional racism
Former England goalkeeper David James disagrees with those that suggest the lack of black managers in the game is due to institutional racism at the top of football.
The 42-year-old goalkeeper, who is currently playing at Bournemouth, is planning a career in management after completing his UEFA Pro-Licence and does not think ethnicity will prove an issue.
"I struggle with the racist issue in football because I don't see it, and that's not because I've got my head in the sand," he said. "In the earlier days, yes, but the game's changed. There are some wonderful organisations out there which have helped football become a much more enjoyable game for everyone."
He added: "Stuff in the crowd being aimed at players - that's gone, or pretty much gone. I don't hear it any more.
"With regards to the playing side of things, I don't look at myself as any different from the guy who gets changed next to me, and I'm not going to fly anyone's flag in order to join some 'gang', which doesn't need to be joined .
"If you want to go on a coaching course to become a manager then give yourself a chance.
"If you don't want to go, and moan about not getting jobs, well, probably because you haven't been on the course is the reason why you haven't got a job."
James admitted there were "not many ethnic players" on his coaching courses but also pointed out there were not many English managers in the Premier League either.
"I don't think it's a racist issue," he added. "I just think it's a case that the numbers aren't there.
"A bit like the goalie situation. Not many goalies go on the course, so, therefore, you're not going to have many goalies make it."
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