But Pride Park, the Walkers Stadium and KC Stadium will not host games if England's bid to stage the tournament is successful.
Mawhinney, the Football League chairman who headed the selection panel, told a news conference: "England's fortunate to have so many good stadia and I would like to congratulate all of the applicant host cities for the seven months of really hard work they have put in.
"We have chosen cities which present the lowest possible risk to FIFA and it's FIFA who will make the final decision.
"There will also be a lot of disappointed football fans around the country, I understand that - and if I was a fan of theirs I would be just as disappointed."
Mawhinney named 16 venues across 12 different cities, with four in London.
However, FIFA regulations state only three stadia can be used in any one city, with a decision to be made between the new White Hart Lane or Olympic Stadium.
White Hart Lane is one of the stadia yet to be built or redeveloped, with the others being Ashton Vale stadium in Bristol and Nottingham's Forest's new ground.
Mawhinney also revealed that Anfield or "new Anfield" would be used.
There had been fears that Liverpool would miss out but Mawhinney said either Anfield or a new Anfield would be a host stadium.
Mawhinney added: "It would have been very hard to envisage an impressive World Cup bid with host cities that did not include iconic Liverpool."
The full list is as follows:
Sunderland - Stadium of Light
London - Wembley Stadium
Birmingham - Villa Park
Manchester - City of Manchester Stadium
Nottingham - the new Nottingham Forest stadium
London - Emirates Stadium
Leeds - Elland Road
Sheffield - Hillsborough
Newcastle/Gateshead - St James' Park
Bristol - the new Ashton Vale stadium
London - the new White Hart Lane or Olympic Stadium
Plymouth - Home Park
Manchester - Old Trafford
Liverpool - Anfield or new Anfield
Milton Keynes - Stadium MK
England Top Goalscorer England Top Scorer: Lampard, F 5/1