Rogne's prospects could be enhanced by the loan departure of club captain Stephen McManus as Middlesbrough boss Gordon Strachan seeks to increase the colony of his ex-Celtic players at the Riverside.
Rogne said: "I'm a central defender and that's my priority at all times. I try to defend my own goal first and foremost.
"However, I also try to be a defender who plays from the back. I try to make passes and build the play from the defence.
"That's what the manager likes from his central defenders and hopefully I can get better in that respect."
The teenager comes with European experience, which he enjoyed despite suffering a 7-1 aggregate defeat by Valencia.
"We had some good games in Europe with Stabaek," Rogne told the Celtic View. "We played against Valencia last summer and it was a fantastic experience.
"I was up against (David) Villa and (David) Silva and they are both world-class players.
"So far they are the best I have played against but I hope to get a lot more European experience with Celtic in the coming years.
"I know Celtic have a proud history in European football. In the last few years, the club has done well on the Champions League stage and I hope to play on that stage."
Rogne added: "It feels really good to be at Celtic. It's a massive club with great facilities, good coaches, top-quality players and friendly people.
"I heard Celtic were interested in me a little while ago and I was really excited about moving to the club.
"It's a good move, a big move, but I think Celtic is the right club for me. It's a higher level than Norway and more is expected of me."