Former Bayern Munch and AS Roma defender Samuel Kuffour has retired from football with immediate effect.
The 32-year-old Ghana international was released by the Serie A side at the end of last season and had been expected to sign for Russian side FC Khimki.
However, his agent, Guiseppe Dello Russo, confirmed Kuffour's decision, saying: "He did decline offers from Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga. He said he wanted to end his career. I am very sad.
"We showed interest in a move to FC Khimki but declined the offer. Sammy would not have felt comfortable over there."
One of the most successful players in the history of African football, Kuffour won 59 caps for his country, the first coming aged just 17 in November 1993.
He made his name as a member of the Ghana squad that won the 1991 FIFA Under-17 World Championship and picked up a bronze medal at the Barcelona Olympics the following year.
He joined Bayern Munich in 1993 and went on to collect five Bundesliga, a Champions League and a World Club Cup winner's medals with the German giants, before joining AS Roma in 2005.