The 35-year-old is out of contract following an impressive spell at Arsenal last season and is reportedly high on Hoops' boss Neil Lennon's wish-list.
Campbell has so far refused to rule out a move to the Glasgow giants.
And Rogne insists he would welcome the opportunity to work with such an experienced player rather than fear the extra competition.
"You could learn a lot from him," said the 19-year-old defender.
"He has played in a lot of big, important games and he has a lot of experience, of course.
"That's a good thing because he is someone I could learn from.
"You always want to be ahead of other players but there will always be competition for places.
"There already is competition, so you need to just focus on yourself and help out the team as much as you can."
Robbie Keane enjoyed a successful loan spell at Celtic last season and some fans are hoping for another marquee signing ahead of the new campaign.
Rogne added: "Robbie Keane wasn't just a big name - he was also a great player as well and a great professional.
"To me, it doesn't matter if it's a big name, as long as he is a good player.
"I'm sure the club is going to make the right decision regarding which players to bring in."
Rogne, himself, will almost be like a new signing after his debut season was hampered by injury.
He signed for the Hoops in January after leaving Norwegian side Stabaek but made just four appearances.
A hamstring injury forced him out of his Old Firm debut in February, before suffering a recurrence of the problem upon his return three months later.
Rogne said: "I'm back a bit early to prepare for pre-season and I need to make sure I'm fit after the injury.
"I've been training very hard over the last few weeks and just want to make sure I'm fine for the new season. For me, last season was quite short so there has been a lot of training.
"I want to play and the injury has been frustrating. It's always important to stay injury-free and play as much as possible.
"Hopefully everyone will just see a good player next season.
"Maybe they have seen a little bit and hopefully I can build on that for the new season. Hopefully it's going to be a great season for me."
Rogne was signed by Tony Mowbray but is relishing the prospect of working under new manager Lennon, who enjoyed a successful spell as interim boss at the end of the campaign.
He said: "I'm very happy. I think he is a fantastic manager, he's a great person as well, and he is the right guy for the job.
"I haven't spoken to him yet [about next season] but we have a good relationship.
"I've played for him in the reserves team as well so we will see."
Meanwhile, Stuart Baxter insists he is in South Africa for the World Cup because of his role as Finland coach - not to run the rule over potential signing targets for Celtic.
He has been linked with an advisory role at Parkhead, working alongside Lennon.
But Baxter told the Evening Times: "I am 100% committed to my work as Finland coach and that is why I am at the World Cup finals now.
"It's the only thing I have on my mind. All other speculation is unnecessary.
"I will not do anything else here in South Africa other than things that will help me and the Finnish FA."